Range of activities:

Candidates should be able to understand and use:

work by wasting

an understanding of hand wasting: sawing, planing, filing, drilling, chiselling.(more chiselling)


An understanding of machine wasting: power routing, jigsaw, CNC mill

work by deforming

 an understanding of laminating, bending, press moulding, vacuum forming, blow moulding.

work by fabricating

An understanding of temporary joints: screws, nuts and bolts and K-D fittings, tapping and threading.


Permanent joints: adhesive, nail, dowel, mortise and tenon, halving/cross halving,  butt/rebate, mitre,(cutting a mitre joint) housingbraze, solder, pop rivet and weld.


work by reforming

an understanding of casting and injection moulding, extrusion.

assemble and fit parts correctly

final adjustments to ensure the product functions.

apply surface finishes

an understanding of self finishing


applied finishing; polish, stain, varnish, preservative, paint, dip-coat and commercial plating.

use appropriate industrial applications when working with familiar materials and processes.


select and use computer controlled machines appropriately to work with a range of resistant materials.

Understanding that CAM may be used to make products of repeatable quality.

Make parts of products in batches.