MDF (Medium Density Fibreboard)
Mdf is made from wood fibres that are compressed and glued using formaldehyde resins. It is produced at different densities typically ranging from 160 to around 800 kg/m³. MDF can be made out of trees that would otherwise have been cut and burnt causing pollution. Wood Chips can also be used to manufacture Mdf.
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MDF is an ecologically friendly engineered wood product that is dense, knot free and available in large sizes and thicknesses. It is easy to work with using workshop tools and equipment. It has no grain and can be drilled, filed sawn etc. MDF may be finished using methods such as painting, varnishing, veneering and laminating.
It is for internal use only and is used to make lots of modern furniture such as kitchen units, cupboards, shelves, wardrobes etc. In these applications the mdf is laminated to give the impression that it is made from natural timber. It is also used as a substitute for floorboards, cornices, skirting boards and architraves.
MDF contains urea formaldehyde which can cause irritation
to the eyes and lungs. This may be released from the material during cutting
and sanding using machinery. Proper
ventilation is required when using it and facemasks are needed when sanding
or cutting MDF with machinery.